Tag: public administration career

Ultimate Guide to Foreign Policy

For those with a masters in public administration and policy, many employment options exist in the foreign policy sector. This area of public policy is especially interesting for those who would like to work in politics, but not necessarily as an elected official. Many will find a varied amount of opportunities presented with a degree acquired from an accredited public policy graduate program

What is Foreign Policy

Foreign policy can be defined as the creation of rules and regulations by one nation in order to impact its relations with other countries. As nations being to see the value of globalization, this is becoming an increasingly important sector of public policy. Foreign policy can be either bilateral or multilateral, depending on how many relationships are established between countries.

What is foreign policy?: Foreign policy involves interaction with other governments. Those who earn their master’s in public policy and administration who wish to be engaged in this career will be strategically employed in positions in order to interact with other countries.

The role of U.S. foreign policy: U.S. foreign policy is incredibly complex and many facets exist for graduates of with a master’s in public administration and public policy.

Public opinion regarding recent foreign policy: Organizations that construct public opinion surveys often make polls to give foreign policy makers information on how the population feels. For instance, a recent public policy survey shows that Americans now feel less anxiety about the U.S.’s recent relationships with other countries.

Foreign policy administrations in the U.S.

Although one government exists in the country, many organizations help to establish and influence the state of foreign policy in the U.S.

The White House: The White House will have different foreign policy agendas depending on which party is in the house at what time.

The U.S. Department of State: This branch of the government seeks to advance the freedom of U.S. citizens by helping serve other countries. Policy issues may include women’s issues, health and human rights.

U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations: The U.S. Senate wishes to oversee all the foreign policies established. From its founding in 1816, the committee has helped shape policies from the purchase of Alaska to the birth of the United Nations.

Council on Foreign Relations: This part of U.S. foreign policy seeks to establish relationships with other nations. Some issues that are discussed may be defense, energy, and the environment and terrorism.

Office of International Affairs: The U.S. Department of the Interior uses this organization to conduct international activities in the realms of science and conservation. This office serves to establish foreign policy that deals with endangered species and the preservation of world cultural and natural heritage areas.

Recent issues in foreign policy

China & Foreign Policy

 

 

 

 

China: China has a strong relationship with the U.S. government. One issue discussed within the two nations is the area of human rights and how China may need to focus on this aspect in the future.

Foreign Policy & Climate Change

 

Climate change: Climate change has been recognized by the United Nations as an area of pressing concern. The U.S. has started taking a larger role in addressing this issue by attempting to establish worldwide policies on the subject.

Afghanistan & Foreign Policy

Afghanistan: The U.S. has given itself a long-term goal of helping the nation of Afghanistan rebuild itself as a nation. The Middle-Eastern country has been embroiled in years of war and its borders continue to cause problems for many nations.

Foreign Policy & Counter-Terrorism

Counterterrorism: The U.S. has established a strong foreign policy toward countering acts of terrorism. Since September 11th, 2001, the U.S. has continued to strengthen its policies in this area.

Careers in foreign policy

Those involved in foreign policy may change careers often and move around between the different areas involving this aspect of public policy and administration. Careers in diplomacy are some of the most popular fields in foreign policy and offer the chance for some to live in another country.

Foreign consular offices in the U.S. : A foreign consular is a diplomat that helps protect U.S. citizens in foreign countries and may be employed in an embassy overseas.

Foreign service officer: Those employed within this field of foreign policy are typically responsible for the promotion of U.S. goods and services in other countries.

Diplomat: Foreign diplomats will often have a master’s in public policy and may work alongside consulars in other countries. Diplomats often transfer from one country to another.

Think tanks: Those working in think tanks may also be involved with the U.S. foreign policy agenda. These institutions, which are often independent of any government, still seek to create research that helps the country with establishing policies overseas.

Finding the Right Online Masters of Public Administration

A masters in public administration online degree can provide the opportunity for graduates to engage in a number of different fields. Some of these positions are related to the governmental and public policies, managing people and resources, analyzing information, overseeing expenditures, conducting safety inspections, and investigating potential criminal activities. A job in the public administration field may mean being employed by state or local governments. These institutions employed over eight million people in 2006 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Finding an online master’s of public administration degree program

How to recognize a legitimate online institution: It has been said that the quality of a degree is as important as the degree itself. Before enrolling in a master’s of public administration online, it is important to do some research to find out the legitimacy of the program.

Online enrollment: Online education has experienced significant growth in the past couple of years and is only continuing to rise in popularity. The Sloan Survey reports that approximately 5.6 million students were enrolled in at least one online course in the fall of 2009.

Benefits of an online degree: Location will no longer be a factor for those wishing to take a course in a school across the country. It’s possible that the college that always seemed out of grasp due to distance can be accessed via the internet.

Better academic performance: A number of studies have shown that online learning provides better educational performance. A Department of Education study conducted in 2009 shows that students enrolled in an online class performed better on the average than those taking part in a traditional classroom.

Convenience: Saving time in the classroom as well as commuting and parking is one of the best benefits associated with enrolling in an online program. Those with full-time jobs will find the freedom to make their own study hours.

Cost: Although many online and traditional classes may be similar in cost, an online degree saves money in the long run on materials like gas and on less measurable items, such as time.

Choosing the right online graduate degree program: With each school possessing strengths and weaknesses, the choice of the right online degree program is essential. When accessing a school’s rankings, degree seekers should be sure to check the credentials received for each of the program’s focal points. The career focus may be more highly accredited in another institution.

Available careers after acquiring a master’s in public administration

Public administration careers are available in many forms. Recognizing one’s strengths and interests can help narrow the spectrum for the choice of a potential career. However, for many, this credential means a job with a government agency.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Many opportunities exist for those with a passion for the environment. At the EPA, a number of jobs may be available for the right graduate of a master’s program in public administration .

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC): A number of jobs may be available at the EEOC for the right graduate. This government agency also looks for those candidates who are bilingual.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Although the FDIC seems like a place that is jsut for those in business, a number of careers are available at this institution for those pursuing an advisory position. A career with the FDIC necessitates working in one of the filed offices located in New York, Chicago, Atlanta, Dallas, San Francisco or Kansas City. This agency ranked third out of 30 of the best places to work in the federal government.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): A branch of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, FEMA is a disaster response agency that helps provide support and leadership to areas involved in natural disasters.

Teaching public administration: With a master’s in public administration the opportunity to teach is also available. In addition, a number of opportunities,such as the Fulbright Scholarship, are available for those who wish to teach abroad.

Advocacy: The field of advocacy helps those without a voice to be recognized. The Small Business Administration is a good example of a federal institution that helps to advocate for those who need representation.

U.S. House of Representatives: Those working in the House help support the American people by helping to implement and vote on laws.

U.S. Senate: A U.S. Senate position requires potential senators to be over 30 years old. Those looking to become a member in the upper house will have to have resided in the state of election for at least nine years.

Think tanks: Think tanks help conduct research into specific areas of advocacy. Many of these institutions are funded by the government and spend large amounts of time on long-term projects for which they conduct research.

Foreign Policy Analyst Career

Pursuing a career as a foreign policy analyst

Working in the field of public policy will often involve addressing issues related to the U.S. foreign policy for relationships with various countries of the world. As a result, students who are attaining a master’s of public administration and  policy (MPP) and choose to pursue this aspect of public policy may end up working at the highest levels of government, or with organizations that have a significant role in affecting foreign policy.MPP degree program students who are considering this educational path may benefit greatly from concentrating some of their study efforts on international affairs. Additionally, doing independent research into this field, with regard to major issues, available jobs and internships and other resources can potentially provide additional help.

What is foreign policy analysis?

Considering a profession as a foreign policy analyst requires a thorough understand of what it means to perform these duties, especially since policy analysis can be incredibly broad and multifaceted as a field.

Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS): Under the general heading of “sociologists and political scientists,” the BLS defines the essential nature of a policy analyst. It explains how those in this line of work – whether foreign or domestic – find, analyze and interpret proper responses to major social and political issues.

Examples of major foreign policy issues analysts may encounter

MPP program graduates should know that working in foreign policy involves dealing with some of the most complex problems affecting the modern world. The following resources depict examples of the policy matters they may well encounter as professionals.

Congressional Research Service: This report covers the prevalence of International Criminal Court (ICC) cases addressing alleged human rights violations and abuses in various African countries. Issues like this, which cover the the uglier aspects of international law, politics and society, are not uncommon in foreign policy analysis, and MPP degree holders interested in the field must be aware of this.

U.S. Department of Defense: This website contains a report on the military strength of China, exemplifying the sort of topic that must be dealt with carefully in the analysis of foreign policy.

Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive: In this heavily detailed report, the counterintelligence strategy of the U.S. as a whole is outlined. MPP graduates looking to work as foreign policy specialists for agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) or National Security Agency (NSA) would do well to carefully read this document.

Internships and fellowships for MPA Program students looking to pursue foreign policy analysis

Starting out as an intern or as part of a fellowship program can potentially be an excellent avenue for students looking to improve their likelihood of finding a job, and this is certainly true of foreign policy analysis.

U.S. Department of State: The State Department is one of the major government bodies focused on international affairs. It offers internship opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students – such as MPP program students – hoping to build up experience and understanding in foreign policy.

U.S. News and World Report: This well-known news periodical lists a wide variety of internship programs centered on studying international affairs, policy and politics in numerous foreign companies.

Central Intelligence Agency:  In addition to a variety of other internships, the CIA offers a graduate studies program related to the analysis of international affairs and foreign policy. It is open to MPP and graduate students in other disciplines in their first or second year of graduate school studies. Successful participants will be considered for permanent employment.

U.S. Senate: A variety of internships and fellowships administered by the upper house of the U.S. Congress relate to international affairs and foreign policy, and might be ideal for MPP graduate students looking to receive additional credit and valuable on-the-job training.

Job listings for Masters in Public Administration degree holders

Most professionals engaged in foreign policy on a daily basis are employees of government agencies or prominent nonprofit organizations. Below are examples of some that might be ideal for MPP degree holders who are hoping for a solid start in international affairs and policy.

Migration Policy Institute (MPI): This organization focuses on evaluating policy and law related to immigration into the U.S., aiming to bolster the resources and standing of those who emigrate from foreign nations looking to better themselves in America.

The Cato Institute: This nonprofit group, dedicated to ideals of free market commerce, has a number of jobs currently available, including one as a policy analyst with expertise in Africa and Europe.

Center for Global Development (CGD): MPP students with an interest in using the field of foreign policy to fight poverty and global inequality may want to see out organizations such as the CGD, which addresses issues of trade, migration, health, education and globalization around the world.

Making the Difference: This webpage provides a general overview of federal agencies that offer job opportunities on foreign soil. Among those related to foreign policy include the aforementioned State and Defense Departments, as well as the Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development.